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National Bank History

of the United States

Old Company Research Service

: The First Bank of the United States
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  • After Alexander Hamilton spearheaded a movement advocating the creation of a central bank, the First Bank of the United States was established in 1791.

     
  • The First Bank of the United States had a capital stock of $10 million, $2 million of which was subscribed by the federal government, while the remainder was subscribed by private individuals. Five of the 25 directors were appointed by the U.S. government, while the 20 others were chosen by the private investors in the Bank.

     
  • The First Bank of the United States was headquartered in Philadelphia, but had branches in other major cities. The Bank performed the basic banking functions of accepting deposits, issuing bank notes, making loans and purchasing securities. It was a nationwide bank and was in fact the largest corporation in the United States. As a result of its influence, the Bank was of considerable use to both American commerce and the federal government.

     
  • However, the Bank's influence was frightening to many people. The Bank's charter ran for twenty years, and when it expired in 1811, a proposal to renew the charter failed by the margin of a single vote in each house of Congress. Chaos quickly ensued, brought on by the War of 1812 and by the lack of a central regulating mechanism over banking and credit.
     
: The Second Bank of the United States
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  • The situation deteriorated to such an extent that in 1816, a bill to charter a Second Bank of the United States was introduced in Congress. This bill narrowly passed both houses and was signed into law by President James Madison. Henry Clay, Speaker of the House, cited the "force of circumstance and the lights of experience" as reasons for this realization of the importance of a central bank to the U.S. economy.

     
  • The Second Bank of the United States was similar to the first, except that it was much larger; its capital was not $10 million, but $35 million. As with the First Bank of the United States, the charter was to run for 20 years, one-fifth of the stock was owned by the federal government and one-fifth of the directors were appointed by the President.

     
  • This bank was also similar to its predecessor in that it wielded immense power. Many citizens, politicians and businessmen perceived it as a menace to both themselves and U.S. democracy. One notable opponent was President Andrew Jackson, who, in 1829, when the charter still had seven years to run, made clear his opposition to the Bank and to the renewal of its charter. Jackson's argument rested on his belief that "such a concentration of power in the hands of a few men irresponsible to the people" was dangerous. This attack on the Bank's power drew public support, and when the charter of the Second Bank of the United States expired in 1836, it was not renewed.

     
  • For the next quarter century, America's central banking was carried on by a myriad of state-chartered banks with no federal regulation. The difficulties brought about by this lack of a central banking authority hurt the stability of the American economy. There were often violent fluctuations in the volume of bank notes issued by banks and in the amount of demand deposits that the banks held. Bank notes, issued by the individual banks, varied widely in reliability.

     
  • Finally, inadequate bank capital, risky loans and insufficient reserves against bank notes and demand deposits hampered the banking system. To its detriment, the American public had again opposed the idea of a central bank, and the country's need for such an entity was more apparent than ever before.
The National Banking Act of 1863
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  • The National Banking Act of 1863 (along with its revisions of 1864 and 1865) sought to add clarity and security to the banking system by introducing and promoting currency notes issued by nationally chartered banks, rather than state-chartered ones.
     
  • National Bank Notes came into being by passage of the National Banking Act of 1863, later supplemented by the Act of June 3, 1864. By the terms of these acts, the government was enabled to grant charters to banks which were then allowed to issue their own notes, but only up to 90% of the par value of the U.S. Government bonds which the banks had previously deposited with the government as security for the notes about to be issued. Each bank had its own charter number, which appeared on all notes issued after 1875. The charter for any bank was valid for a period of twenty years. After that period, a bank could renew the charter for an additional twenty years and continue to keep issuing notes - hence the relationship between the series of 1882 and 1902.

     
  • The legislation created the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, which issued national banking charters and examined the subsequent banks. These banks were now subject to stringent capital requirements and were required to collateralize currency notes with holdings of United States government securities. Other provisions in the legislation helped improved the banking system by providing more oversight and a more robust currency in circulation. A bank's charter began on the day when the Comptroller of Currency presented the bank with its "Certificate of Authority to Commence Business."

     
  • Ultimately, the national banking legislation of the 1860s proved inadequate due to the absence of a central banking structure. The inability of the banking system to expand or contract currency in circulation or provide a mechanism to move reserves throughout the system led to wild gyrations in the economy from boom to bust cycles.

     
  • As America's industrial economy grew and became more complex toward the end of the 19th century, the weaknesses in the banking system became critical. The boom and bust cycles created by an inelastic currency and immobile reserves led to frequent financial panics, which triggered economic depressions. The most severe depression at that point in U.S. history came in 1893 and left a legacy of economic uncertainty.
     
  • The issues of National Bank Notes took place during three periods which have been called the First, Second and Third Charter Periods. The Date on National Bank Notes. All National Bank Notes bear a full date (for example, November 7, 1912) on the face of the note, usually near the name of the city. This date is not necessarily the Charter date of the bank, but is generally somewhat later, and rarely, and surprisingly, even earlier; neither is it the date that the note was issued. The inconsistencies encountered and the many unknown contemporary factors involved in the production of these notes, have made it impossible to determine the exact significance of this date.
     
  • The Dates of Issue. Insofar as National Bank Notes are concerned, the dates when they were actually issued are not always consistent with the dates in office of those Treasury Officials whose signatures appear on the notes. (These officials are the Treasurer of the U.S. and the Register of the Treasury). Whereas the original plates bearing their facsimile signatures were no doubt prepared during the period of their combined tenure in the Treasury Department, it was actually the practice of the Bureau of Engraving and Printing to use such plates whenever needed at a later date. As a result, these plates were quite frequently used to print notes long after the particular officials had passed out of office, and perhaps even after their death. That is why it is possible to see notes issued as late as 1922 bearing signatures that could have been originally engraved only in the 1890's.
     
  • Until July 1875, National Bank Notes were wholly produced in New York City by the American, Continental or National Bank Note Companies. Their imprints appear on the notes. These three companies engraved and manufactured the plates and accomplished the main printing in their own premises on their own bank note paper. The Treasury Seal and Serial numbers, however, were printed later at the Treasury Department in Washington, D.C. After March, 1875, the same distinctive paper was required to be used as was then being used for other U.S. currency, and after September of that year, the obverses, or face sides of the notes, began to be printed at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing. The reverses, or backs however, continued to be printed privately in New York by the bank note companies, except for the black portion of the 5 Dollar Note which was let out for printing to the Columbian Bank Note Company in Washington, D.C. (The green portion continued to be printed in New York.)
The Creation of the Federal Reserve System
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  • In 1907, a severe financial panic jolted Wall Street and forced several banks into failure. This panic, however, did not trigger a broad financial collapse. Yet the simultaneous occurrence of general prosperity with a crisis in the nation's financial centers persuaded many Americans that their banking structure was sadly out of date and in need of major reform.

     
  • In 1908, the Congress created the National Monetary Commission. This Commission, led by Nelson W. Aldrich and composed of members of the House of Representatives and the Senate, was charged with making a comprehensive study of the necessary and desirable changes to the banking system of the United States. The resulting plan called for a National Reserve Association, which would be dominated by the banking industry. This plan was treated with great skepticism and received very little public support.

     
  • In 1912, the House Banking and Currency Committee held hearings to examine the control of the banking and financial resources of the nation. The Committee concluded that America's banking and financial system were in the hands of a "money trust." The Committee's report defined a "money trust" as "an established and well defined identity and community of interest between a few leaders of finance . . .which has resulted in a vast and growing concentration of control of money and credit in the hands of a comparatively few men." The public's awareness of a monopoly on the banking system was crucial in leading to America's financial reform.

     
  • Another key event leading to America's financial reform was the election of Woodrow Wilson as President in 1912. Wilson and his Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan, forcefully opposed "any plan which concentrates control in the hands of the banks."

     
  • On December 26, 1912, the Glass-Willis proposal was submitted to President-elect Wilson. Instead of suggesting the creation of a central bank, the proposal called for the creation of twenty or more privately controlled regional reserve banks, which would hold a portion of member banks' reserves, perform other central banking functions and issue currency against commercial assets and gold. Wilson approved of this idea, but also insisted upon the creation of a central board to control and coordinate the work of the regional reserve banks.
     
The Federal Reserve Act of 1913
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  • The Federal Reserve Act presented by Congressman Carter Glass and Senator Robert L. Owen incorporated modifications by Woodrow Wilson and allowed for a regional Federal Reserve System, operating under a supervisory board in Washington, D.C. Congress approved the Act, and President Wilson signed it into law on December 23, 1913. The Act, "Provided for the establishment of Federal Reserve Banks, to furnish an elastic currency, to afford means of rediscounting commercial paper, to establish a more effective supervision of banking in the United States, and for other purposes.
     
  • The Act provided for a Reserve Bank Organization Committee that would designate no less than eight but no more than twelve cities to be Federal Reserve cities, and would then divide the nation into districts, each district to contain one Federal Reserve City.
     
The Dilemma of the New York Fed
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  • The controversies evident in the writing of the Federal Reserve Act were carried over into the selection of the Federal Reserve cities. New York was at the center of this controversy. There was no doubt that New York would receive a Federal Reserve Bank, but the size of the bank to be established there was a highly contentious issue. The city's foremost financiers, such as J.P Morgan, argued that the New York Fed should be of commanding importance, so that it would receive due recognition from the central banks of Europe. The New York Fed that the financiers desired would have approximately half of the capitalization of the entire system.

     
  • However, many throughout the country feared that a Federal Reserve Bank of such magnitude would dwarf everything else in the system and would accord far too much power to the New York District. Treasury Secretary William McAdoo and Agriculture Secretary David F. Houston shared this opinion and a belief that the European central banks should deal with the Federal Reserve System as a whole, rather than with just one of its parts.

     
  • On April 2, 1914, the Reserve Bank Organization Committee announced its decision, and twelve Federal Reserve banks were established to cover various districts throughout the country. Those opposed to the establishment of an overwhelmingly powerful New York Fed prevailed in their desire that its scope and influence should be limited. Initially, this bank's influence was restricted to New York State. Nonetheless, with over $20,000,000 in capital stock, the New York Bank had nearly four times the capitalization of the smallest banks in the system, such as Atlanta and Minneapolis. As a result, it was impossible to prevent the New York Fed from being the largest and most dominant bank in the system. However, it was considerably smaller than the New York banking community had wanted.
     
1914: New York Fed Opens for Business
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  • The New York Fed opened for business under the leadership of Benjamin Strong, previously president of the Bankers Trust Company, on November 16, 1914. The initial staff consisted of seven officers and 85 clerks, many on loan from local banks. Mr. Strong recalled the starting days at the Bank in a speech: "It may be said that…the Bank's equipment consisted of little more than a copy of the Federal Reserve Act." During its first day of operation, the Bank took in $100 million from 211 member banks; made two rediscounts; and received its first shipment of Federal Reserve Notes.

     
  • The Bank's staff grew rapidly during the early years, necessitating the need for a new home. Land was bought on a city block encompassing Liberty Street, Maiden Lane, William Street and Nassau Street. A public competition was held and the architectural firm of York & Sawyer submitted the winning design reminiscent of the palaces in Florence, Italy. The Bank's vaults, located 86 feet below street level, were built on Manhattan's bedrock. In 1924, the Fed moved into its new home. By 1927, the vault contained ten percent of the world's entire store of monetary gold.
     

Scripophily.com - The Gift of History

presents

Historical Documents from some of the National Banks


American National Bank ( Became AmSouth Bancorporation ) - Nas...  $250.00
 American National Bank ( Became AmSouth Bancorporation ) - Nashville, Tennessee 1903 Beautifully engraved Specimen certificate from the American National Bank. This historic document was printed by Western Bank Note and has an ornate border around it with a vignette of three ... women. This item was printed in 1903. Certificate Vignette The American National Bank was incorporated under on August 16, 1883 in Nashville, Tennessee ...  
    

Anglo California National Bank of San Francisco ( Became Crock...  $19.95
 Anglo California National Bank of San Francisco ( Became Crocker National Bank ) Beautifully engraved Certificate from the famous The Anglo California National Bank of San Francisco issued in 1947 -1956. This historic document was ... around it with a vignette of two allegorical women flanking the company's bank building and a view of an older downtown area and a farm scene. This ...  
    

Anglo & London Paris National Bank 1920's - California  $24.95
 Beautifully engraved Certificate from the famous The Anglo & London Paris National Bank issued in the 1920's. This historic document has an ornate border ... the company's officers and is over 73 years old. Certificate Vignette The bank's charter history is as follows: CHARTER # 9174 The London-Paris National Bank of San Francisco, California (Chartered June 1908) The Anglo & London Paris National Bank (Title changed March 17, 1909) The ...  
    

Bowery National Bank 1877 - New York  $9.95
 Beautifully engraved check from the Bowery National Bank dated 1876 - 1877. This historic document has a border around it with ... tax stamp underprint. This item is hand signed and is over 123 years old. Bank History: Bowery National Bank of New York 1865 Established Bowery National Bank of New York 12/01/1888 Convert State Bowery Bank of New York 1925 Convert Federal Bowery National Bank of New York 12/01/1925 Merge To Federal East ...  
    

Chemical National Bank of New York 1871  $195.00
 Beautifully engraved Certificate from the Chemical National Bank of New York issued in 1870's. This historic document has an ornate ... 124 years old. We have not seen many stock certificates from this famous bank. The Chemical Bank began in Greenwich Village as the New York Chemical Manufacturing ... amended to allow banking practices. 1844 Reorganizes as The Chemical Bank of New York (New York Chemical Manufacturing Compan ...  
    

City National Bank of Huntington Park, California  $49.95
 Beautifully engraved Certificate from the City National Bank of Huntington Park, California issued in the 1930's. This historic document has an ornate border around it with a vignette of the City National Bank. This item is hand signed by the company's president and secretary ...  
    

Citizens National Bank of South Bend, Ind. signed by Clement S...  $169.95
 Citizens National Bank of South Bend, Ind. signed by Clement Studebaker 1923 Beautifully engraved certificate from the Citizens National Bank of South Bend, Ind. issued in 1923. This historic document has an ... Company (and of its subsidiary, the Illinois Traction Co.,) the Citizens National Bank of South Bend, the South Bend Watch Co., and the North American Light ...  
    

Commercial National Bank - Chicago, Illinois 1865  $295.00
 Beautifully engraved certificate from the Commercial National Bank - Chicago, Illinois 1865 issued in 1865. This historic document was ...  
    

First National Bank of Boston ( Now FleetBoston ) - Boston, Ma...  $250.00
 First National Bank of Boston ( Now FleetBoston ) - Boston, Massachusetts Beautifully engraved Specimen Certificate from the First National Bank of Boston. This historic document was printed by American Bank Note and has an ornate border around it with a vignette of first ... Fleet Boston can trace its roots back to 1794 when the Massachusetts Bank was founded in Boston by, among others, John Hancock. By 1903 it merged with First ...  
    

First National Bank of the City of Brooklyn - 1865 ( Became Ch...  $195.00
 First National Bank of the City of Brooklyn - 1865 ( Became Chase Manhattan Bank ) Beautifully engraved certificate from the First National Bank of the City of Brooklyn dated 1865. This historic document was ... old. Certificate Vignette Certificate Vignette Certificate Vignette First National Bank of Brooklyn 1852 Established Williamsburgh City Bank 1865 Convert Federal First National Bank of Brooklyn 11/01/1928 Co ...

First National Bank of Seattle ( Became Seafirst Bank, now Ban...   $395.00
 First National Bank of Seattle ( Became Seafirst Bank, now Bank of America) - Territory of Washington, 1884 Beautifully engraved certificate from the First National Bank of Seattle issued in 1884. This historic document was printed by A ... Secretary, W. J. Wadleigh and is over 121 years old. Certificate Vignette Bank History The First National Bank of Seattle was chartered under the National Bank Act in 1882. In 1928, it was controlled by ...  
     

First National Bank of Seattle (Became Seafirst Bank, now Bank...   $139.95
 First National Bank of Seattle (Became Seafirst Bank, now Bank of America) - Territory of Washington, 1882 Beautifully engraved unissued certificate from the First National Bank of Seattle printed in 1882. This historic document was printed by A ... in the background. This item is over 123 years old. Certificate Vignette Bank History The First National Bank of Seattle was chartered under the National Bank Act in 1882. In 1928, it was ...  
     

First National Bank of Toledo - Ohio 1871   $149.95
 Beautifully engraved certificate from the First National Bank of Toledo issued in 1871. This historic document was printed by B.F ...  
     

First National Bank of Santa Ana 1917 - California   $49.95
 Beautifully engraved certificate from the First National Bank of Santa Ana issued in 1917. This historic document has an ornate ... and Cashier and is over 86 years old. Certificate Vignette The bank was located in Santa Ana, California and had the town’s first high rise, the First National Bank building erected in 1923. Santa Ana is located next to Anaheim where Disneyland built its first park. Bank Building Santa Ana ...  
     

First National Bank of Bath 1865   $250.00
 Beautifully engraved certificate from the First National Bank of Bath issued in 1865. This item is hand signed by the Company’s ... and is over 137 years old. Oliver Moses was the founder of the First National Bank of Bath, and one of the founders of the Bath Savings Institution. On ...  
     

First National Bank of Chicago 1864 - signed by founder - Unio...   $199.95
 First National Bank of Chicago 1864 - signed by founder - Union Soldier Vignette Beautifully engraved SCARCE Certificate from the First National Bank of Chicago issued in 1864. This historic document was printed by Ed ... and was one of the founders and became the first President of the First National Bank of Chicago. He remained president from 1863-1867. On May 1, 1863, the ...  
     

First National Bank of Marietta Check 1868 - Pennsylvania   $34.95
 Beautifully engraved Check from the First National Bank of Marietta issued in 1868.This item is over 134 years old and was ... several citizens of Marietta met in the local high school to organize a national banking association under the recently passed Act of Congress entitled, "An Act to Provide a National Currency, Secured by a Pledge of United States Stocks, and to ...  
     

First National Bank of Media, Pennsylvania 1865 - Civil War Era   $139.95
 Beautifully engraved certificate from the First National Bank of Media, Pennsylvania issued in 1865. This historic document has an ...  
     

First National Bank of New Milford, Connecticut - 1887   $79.95
 Beautifully engraved certificate from the First National Bank of New Milford, Connecticut issued in 1887. This historic document ... over 116 years old. Certificate Vignette In 1865, the Litchfield County Bank changed its name to The First National Bank of New Milford. ANDREW B. MYGATT, New Milford: Banker. A.B. Mygatt ... resided there. He has one son, Henry S. Mygatt, cashier of the First National Bank of New Milford, a ...  
     

Franklin Square National Bank - Long Island, New York - Major ...   $99.95
 Franklin Square National Bank - Long Island, New York - Major Bank Failure in 1974 Beautifully engraved uncancelled certificate from the Franklin National Bank issued no later than 1964. This historic document was printed by the ... system was shaken to its core by the collapse of Long Island's Franklin National Bank, the nation's 20th largest bank. Caused by mismanagement and fraud, it was at the time the largest bank failure in the ...

Manufacturers National Bank 1893  $59.95
 Beautifully engraved certificate from the Manufacturers National Bank issued in 1893. This historic document has an ornate border around it with a vignette of the Manufacturers National Bank Bank Building and horse drawn carriages. This item is hand signed by the ...  
    

Manufacturers National Bank 1893 - Massachusetts  $139.95
 Beautifully engraved certificate from the Manufacturers National Bank 1893 issued in 1893. This historic document was printed by the ... and has an ornate border around it with a vignette of the Manufacturer's National Bank. This item is hand signed by the Company's President and Cashier and ...  
    

Merchants National Bank of Burlington, Vermont - 1872  $169.95
 Beautifully engraved certificate from the Merchants National Bank of Burlington, Vermont issued in 1872. This historic document has a ... 132 years old. Merchants Bancshares, Inc., a Delaware Corporation, is the bank holding company of the wholly owned subsidiary, Merchants Bank. Merchants Bancshares, Inc. is the fourth largest bank holding company headquartered in the State of Vermont in terms of deposits. The Company acquired controlling ...  
    

Merchants National Bank of Burlington, Vermont - 1872  $99.95
 Beautifully engraved certificate from the Merchants National Bank of Burlington, Vermont issued in 1872. This item is hand signed by ... stamp affixed. Merchants Bancshares, Inc., a Delaware Corporation, is the bank holding company of the wholly owned subsidiary, Merchants Bank. Merchants Bancshares, Inc. is the fourth largest bank holding company headquartered in the State of Vermont in terms of deposits. The Company acquired controlling ...  
    

National Bank of Cooperstown, New York 1880's - Baseball Hall ...  $79.95
 National Bank of Cooperstown, New York 1880's - Baseball Hall of Fame Beautifully engraved certificate from the Second National Bank of Cooperstown issued in the 1880's. This historic document has an ... years old. Certificate Vignette Company History 1864 Established Second National Bank of Cooperstown 05/01/1956 Merge To Federal Natl Commercial Bank & Trust Company of Albany 04/01/1963 Name Change To National Commercial Bank & Trust ...  
    

National Bank of Lynwood 1931 - Lynwood, California  $99.95
 Beautifully engraved certificate from the National Bank of Lynwood issued in 1931. This historic document is hand signed by ... and is over 71 years old. The is an embossed gold seal that says " The National Bank of Lynwoon - Home City Bank - Lynwood, California." natbanoflyn ...  
    

National Metropolitan Bank 1877 - District of Columbia  $49.95
 Beautifully engraved certificate from the National Metropolitan Bank issued in 1877. This historic document has an ornate border around it ... George White) and is over 124 years old. Certificate Vignette The National Metropolitan Bank, Washington, D.C. is the oldest National Bank in the District of Columbia. The Bank was Chartered in 1865. B. STANLEY SIMMONS designed the National Metropolitan Bank building in Washington ...  
    

National Provincial Bank Limited  $69.95
 Beautifully engraved certificate from the National Provincial Bank Limited issued in 1957-1966. This historic document has an ornate border around it with a vignette of the National Provincial Bank of England. This item has the printed signatures of the Company’s Director and Registar and is over 36 years old. Certificate Vignette National Provincial Bank was founded in late 1833 and opened its first branch at Gloucester in early 1834. ...  
    

Phoenix National Bank - Phoenix, Arizona Territory 1897  $295.00
 Beautifully engraved certificate from the Phoenix National Bank issued in 1897. This historic document was printed by the Hall & O ... and endorsed by him on the back. Certificate Vignette The Phoenix National Bank was created in 1892. It became a US Government depository in 1905 ...  
    

Providence National Bank - Providence, Rhode Island  $295.00
 Beautifully engraved certificate from the Providence National Bank. This historic document was printed by American Bank Note Company around 1900 and has an ornate border around it with a vignette of sailboats at sea. Certificate Vignette Providence National Bank, and latter with theIndustrial Trust Company to form the Industrial National Bank, now Fleet Bank. In 1926, the Woonsocket Institution for Savings moved into a new ...

Riggs National Bank - Washington D.C. - 1900 - 1920 - Famous B...  $14.95
 Riggs National Bank - Washington D.C. - 1900 - 1920 - Famous Bank Vignette Beautifully engraved check from the Riggs National Bank - Washington D.C. issued in 1900 - 1920. This historic document was ... and has an ornate border around it with a vignette of the famous Riggs Bank Building. This check is hand signed and is over 80 years old. Riggs Bank History 1836 William Wilson Corcoran opens a note brokerage house---an early form of ...  
    

Seattle National Bank Building Company - Washington 1890  $295.00
 Beautifully engraved certificate from the Seattle National Bank Building Company issued in 1890. This historic document has an ornate ... is the first time we have seen this certificate for sale. The Seattle National Bank Building is now the Interurban Building. The Building was designed by ...  
    

Second National Bank, Cooperstown, New York 189_  $24.95
 Beautifully printed unissued check from the Second National Bank, Cooperstown dated 189_. This historic document was printed by the ... of Otsego Lake and is over 105 years old. Certificate Vignette The Second National Bank of Cooperstown was organized Jan. 18, 1864, with a capital of $100 ...  
    

Security - First National Bank of Los Angeles - (Early Secutit...  $139.95
 Security - First National Bank of Los Angeles - (Early Secutity Pacific National Bank now Bank of America) Beautifully engraved SPECIMEN certificate from the Security-First National Bank of Los Angeles. This historic document was printed by the Jeffries ... we have seen this certificate. Certificate Vignette The Security - First National Bank of Los Angeles became the Secutity Pacific National Bank and is now Bank of America. The Farmers ...  
    

Western National Bank - Fort Worth, Texas 1906  $159.95
 Beautifully printed certificate from the Western National Bank issued in 1906. This historic document was printed by Dorsey ... M. Radford. Certificate Vignette William H. Eddleman founded the Western National Bank in 1904. By 1913, the bank was taken over by the Texas State Bank. They operated out of one of the first concrete skyscrapers built in ...  
    

First National Bank of Woodbury, New Jersey  $29.95
 Beautifully engraved Certificate from the famous First National Bank of Woodbury issued in 1907 - 1911. This historic document has an ...  
    

National Bank of Washington DC Stock  $19.95
 Beautifully engraved Unissued Certificate from the National Bank of Washington printed at the turn of the century. This historic document has an ornate border around it with a vignette of the National Capitol with horses and carriages strolling by and 2nd vignette ...  
    

First National Bank of Cooperstown, N.Y. Check 1890's  $29.95
 Beautifully engraved issued check from the First National Bank of Cooperstown, N.Y. issued in 1890. This historic document has an ... at the coat of a man. This item is hand signed by a cashier of the bank and is over 110 years old. firnatbanofc ...  
    

Fulton County National Bank Stock 1930  $9.95
 Beautifully engraved Certificate from the famous Fulton County National Bank GLOVERSVILLE, NY issued in 1930. This historic document has an ornate ... border around it is signed by the company's officers. This new York Bank Certificate is over 69 years old. The Bank was acquired by Charter New York Corp. 12/3/69 Each share Capital ... (1.75) shares Common $10 par Charter New York Corp. name changed to Irving Bank Corp. 10/17/79 which ...  
    

Fulton County National Bank - Unissued 18XX  $21.95
 Beautifully engraved Unissued Certificate from the famous Fulton County National Bank GLOVERSVILLE, NY dated 18XX. This historic document has an ornate border around itand is over 100 years old. The Bank was acquired by Charter New York Corp. 12/3/69 Each share Capital ... (1.75) shares Common $10 par Charter New York Corp. name changed to Irving Bank Corp. 10/17/79 which merged into Bank of New York Co., Inc. 12/30/88 fulcounnatba1 ...

Central National Bank of Washington City, District of Columbia...  $39.95
 Central National Bank of Washington City, District of Columbia 1890's Beautifully engraved Certificate from the Central National Bank of Washington City, District of Columbia issued in the 1890's. This ... with horse driven carriages going by. This item is hand signed by the bank president and is over 103 years old. Minor ledger marks on the left ...  
    

First National Bank of Biddleford 1873 - Maine  $99.95
 Beautifully engraved Certificate from the First National Bank of Biddleford issued in 1873. This historic document was printed by the Noland Bank Note Company and has an ornate border around it with a vignette of a ...  
    

National Bank of Oxford Stock Certificate  $14.95
 Beautifully engraved unissued Certificate from the National Bank of Oxford . This historic document has an ornate border around it with a vignette of an old bank building. natbanofoxst ...  
    

First National Bank of Portland 1901  $275.00
 Beautifully engraved certificate from the First National Bank of Portland (Maine) issued in 1901. This historic document has an ornate border around it with a vignette of the bank building. This item is hand signed by the Company’s President and ...  
    

Biddeford National Bank - Maine 1915  $49.95
 Beautifully engraved certificate from the Biddeford National Bank issued in 1915. This historic document was printed by William W ...  
    

Boston National Bank 1874  $49.95
 Beautifully engraved check from the Boston National Bank issued in 1874. This historic document was printed by the Mansfield ...  
    

Cape Ann National Bank of Gloucester - Massachusetts  $299.95
 Beautifully engraved SPECIMEN certificate from the Cape Ann National Bank of Gloucester. This historic document was printed by the American ...  
    

Chemical National Bank of New York 1928  $150.00
 Beautifully engraved SPECIMEN certificate from the Chemical National Bank of New York. This historic document was printed by the American ...  
    

Chemical National Bank of New York - 1895 signed by Actress Fa...  $99.95
  Chemical National Bank of New York - 1895 signed by Actress Fanny Davenport Check signed by actress Fanny Davenport from the Chemical National Bank of New York issued in 1895. This item is over 108 years old. Fanny ...  
    

City National Bank - New Britain, Connecticut  $39.95
 Beautifully engraved certificate from the City National Bank issued in 1926 - 1929. This historic document has an ornate border ...

Clinton National Bank Check 1890 - Clinton, New Jersey  $19.95
 Beautifully engraved check from the Clinton National Bank issued in 1890. This historic document was printed by the American ...  
    

Crocker - Citizens National Bank  $12.95
 Beautifully engraved Certificate from the famous Crocker - Citizens National Bank issued in 1966. This historic document was printed by the Jeffries ...  
    

First National Bank of Appalachia - Appalachia, Virginia 1954  $29.95
 Beautifully engraved certificate from the First National Bank of Appalachia issued in 1954. This historic document was printed by ...  
    

First National Bank Helena, Montana 1886 - Geyser Vignette  $39.95
 Beautifully engraved certificate from the First National Bank Helena, Montana issued in 1886. This historic document was printed by ...  
       

First National Bank of Brattleboro 1870's - Vermont  $49.95
 Beautifully engraved check from the First National Bank of Brattleboro issued in the 1870's. This historic document was ...  
    

First National Bank of Cooperstown Check 1916 - New York  $14.95
 Beautifully printed check from the First National Bank of Cooperstown issued in before 1917. This historic document has an ...  
    

First National Bank of Dansville 1880 - New York  $39.95
 Beautifully engraved check from the First National Bank of Dansville issued in 1880. This historic document was printed by ...  
    

First National Bank of Marietta 1866-1869 Pennsylvania  $29.95
 Beautifully engraved certificate from the First National Bank of Marietta issued in 1866-1869. This historic document has an ornate ...  
    

First National Bank of Marathon Check 1890's - New York signed...  $49.95
 First National Bank of Marathon Check 1890's - New York signed by Edgar I. Adams Beautifully engraved certificate from the First National Bank of Marathon Check issued in 1890's. This historic document has an ...  
    

First National Bank of Owego 186X  $24.95
 Beautifully engraved unissued certificate from the First National Bank of Owego dated 186X. This historic document has an ornate border ...  
  

First National Bank of Putnam 1915 - Connecticut  $49.95
 Beautifully engraved certificate from the First National Bank of Putnam issued in 1907 - 1915. This historic document has an ornate ...  
    

First National Bank of Springfield KY 1894  $99.95
 Beautifully engraved certificate from the First National Bank of Springfield KY issued in 1894. This historic document has a ...  
    

First National Bank of Towanda, Pennsylvania 1873  $24.95
 Beautifully engraved check from the First National Bank of Towanda issued in 1873. This historic document was printed by ...  
    

First National Bank of Urbana, Illinois 1898 - University of I...  $49.95
 First National Bank of Urbana, Illinois 1898 - University of Illinois Vignettes Beautifully engraved certificate from the First National Bank of Urbana, Illinois issued in 1898. This historic document was ...  
    

First National Bank of Waterloo Check - New York - 1865 - Issu...  $14.95
 First National Bank of Waterloo Check - New York - 1865 - Issued during Civil War and Reconstruction Era Beautifully engraved Check from the First National Bank of Waterloo issued no later than 1866 . The is a 2 Cent IRS tax stamp ...  
    

Grant Street National Bank  $69.95
 Beautifully engraved certificate from the Grant Street National Bank issued in 1988. This historic document was printed by the American ...  
    

Kensington National Bank - Philadelphia 1870  $79.95
 Beautifully engraved certificate from the Kensington National Bank of Philadelphia issued in 1870. This historic document has an ornate ...  
    

Lincoln National Bank of Bath 1865  $99.95
 Beautifully engraved certificate from the Lincoln National Bank of Bath issued in 1865. This historic document has an ornate border ...  
    

Manufacturers National Bank 1877  $179.95
 Beautifully engraved certificate from the Manufacturers National Bank issued in 1877. The company was incorporated in New Jersey. This ...  
    

Manufacturers National Bank of Newark 1878  $150.00
 Beautifully engraved certificate from the Manufacturers National Bank of Newark issued in 1878. This historic document has an ornate border ...

Merchants National Bank 1866 signed by famous publisher Joel M...  $49.95
 Merchants National Bank 1866 signed by famous publisher Joel Munsell Beautifully engraved check from the Merchants National Bank issued in 1866. This historic check has is hand signed by Joel ...  
    

Merchants National Bank Check 1874 - East Saginaw  $14.95
 Beautifully engraved check from Merchants National Bank issued in 1874 with a George Washington Tax Stamp. This historic ...  
    

Moorestown National Bank - New Jersey 1885 - Harvester Vignette  $139.95
 Beautifully engraved certificate from the Moorestown National Bank issued in 1885. This historic document was printed by William Mann ...  
    

National Bank of Catasauqua - 1868 Civil War Tax Stamp  $34.95
 Beautifully engraved certificate from the National Bank of Catasauqua issued in 1868 to 1901. This historic document has an ...  
    

Portland National Bank 1889  $89.95
 Beautifully engraved certificate from the Portland National Bank issued in 1889. This historic document has an ornate border around it ...  
    

Northfield National Bank 1866  $89.95
 Beautifully engraved certificate from the Northfield National Bank issued in 1866. This historic document has an ornate border around it ...  
    

Pacific National Bank of Los Angeles 1920's  $29.95
 Beautifully engraved unissued certificate from the Pacific National Bank of Los Angeles printed in the 1920's. This historic document was ...  
    

Pejepscot National Bank - Brunswick, Maine 1887  $24.95
 Beautifully engraved check from the Pejepscot National Bank issued in 1887. This historic document was printed by the McLellan ...  
    

The Peoples - First National Bank of Hoosick Falls  $34.95
 Beautifully engraved Certificate from the The Peoples - First National Bank of Hoosick Falls issued in 1931. This historic document has an ornate ...  
    

People's National Bank of Waterville 1869  $169.95
 Beautifully engraved certificate from the People's National Bank of Waterville issued in 1869. This historic document has an ornate

Salem National Bank - Salem, Massachusetts 1865  $99.95
 Beautifully engraved certificate from the Salem National Bank of Salem issued in 1865. This historic document was printed by Hatch & ...  
    

Santa Cruz (California) County National Bank  $14.95
 Beautifully engraved Certificate from the famous Santa Cruz County National Bank issued in 1910 - 1924. This historic document has an ornate border ...  
    

Second National Bank of Detroit Check 1864  $14.95
 Beautifully engraved Check from the Second National Bank of Detroit issued in 1864.This item is over 138 years old ...  
    

South Gate National Bank 1930 - California  $34.95
 Beautifully engraved certificate from the South Gate National Bank issued in 1930. This historic document has an ornate border around it ...  
    

Third National Bank of Jersey City 1870's  $29.95
 Beautifully engraved certificate from the Third National Bank issued in 1877-1900. This historic document has an ornate border ...  
    

Thomaston National Bank - Maine 1886  $69.95
 Beautifully engraved certificate from the Thomaston National Bank issued in 1886. This historic document was printed by Maverick ...  
    

Union National Bank 1872 - Pennsylvania  $199.95
 Beautifully engraved certificate from the Union National Bank issued in 1872. This historic document was printed by the American ...  
    

West Side National Bank of Yakima Washington  $18.95
 Beautifully engraved Certificate from the famous West Side National Bank of Yakima, Washington issued from 1946 - 1952. This historic document ...  
    

Barnum & Bailey Limited (Issued to The Commercial Bank of Scot...  $1995.00
 Barnum & Bailey Limited (Issued to The Commercial Bank of Scotland) 1902 RARE Beautifully engraved and hard to find Stock ... and is over 103 years old. The certificate was issued to The Commercial Bank of Scotland - Edinburgh for 93 shares. The certificate has three ...  
    

Leather Manufacturer's Bank 1850's - Slave Insurance Bank w/Do...  $16.95
 Leather Manufacturer's Bank 1850's - Slave Insurance Bank w/Dog Vignette Beautifully engraved check from the Leather Manufacturer's Bank dated 1852-1853. This historic document was printed by the R.C. Root & ... item is hand signed and is over 147 years old. Leather Manufacturers' Bank History 1832 Established Leather Manufacturers' Bank 1865 Convert Federal Leather Manufacturers' National Bank of New York 04/01/1904 Merge To Federal ...

Leather Manufacturers' Bank Check 1850 (Slave Insurance Bank)  $89.95
 Engraved (bearer) check from the Leather Manufacturers' Bank dated 1851-1854. This historic document was printed by the J. M ... Aaron Chaflin & Co) and is over 147 years old. Leather Manufacturers' Bank History 1832 Established Leather Manufacturers' Bank 1865 Convert Federal Leather Manufacturers' National Bank of New York 04/01/1904 Merge To Federal Mechanics National Bank of the City of New York 04/01/1926 Merge To Federal Chase ...  
    

Chelten Corporation ( PNC Bank Corp )  $69.95
 Beautifully engraved SPECIMEN certificate from the Chelten Corporation ... Safe Deposit Company in 1928. This company was merged with the Tradesmens National and Truse Company in the later half of 1928. Over the years. all of these companies were ultimately rolled up into PNC Bank Corp. The following is the history of PNC: PNC Bank Corp. was created in 1983 with the merger of Pittsburgh National Corp., parent of Pittsburgh National Bank ...  
    

Chelten Corporation - Tradesmens Bank and PNC Bank Corp - 1940's  $24.95
 Beautifully engraved Certificate from the famous Chelten Corporation ... Safe Deposit Company in 1928. This company was merged with the Tradesmens National and Truse Company in the later half of 1928. Over the years. all of these companies were ultimately rolled up into PNC Bank Corp. The following is the history of PNC: PNC Bank Corp. was created in 1983 with the merger o ...  
    

Bank of Charleston - South Carolina 1872  $169.95
 Beautifully engraved certificate from the Bank of Charleston issued in 1872. This historic document was printed by ... and is over 132 years old. Cut cancelled. Certificate Vignette The bank was incorporated in 1834. In 1926 the Bank of Charleston (S.C.) merged with the Carolina National Bank (Columbia, S.C.) and the Norwood Bank (Greenville, S.C.) to become the South Carolina National Bank. newitem21073860 ...  
    

Farmers and Merchants Bank of Los Angeles - 1871 signed by Isa...  $295.00
 Farmers and Merchants Bank of Los Angeles - 1871 signed by Isaias W. Hellman and Prudent Beaudry ... engraved certificate of Deposite from the Farmers and Merchants Bank of Los Angeles issued in 1871. This historic document was printed by ... verso by Prudent Beaudry. Certificate Vignette The Farmers and Merchants Bank was the first incorporated bank in Los Angeles, founded in 1871 by John D. Downey and Isaias W ...  
    

Farmers and Mechanics' Bank of Georgetown, D.C. 1858-1861  $14.95
 Beautifully engraved check from the Farmers and Mechanics' Bank of Georgetown, D.C. issued in 1858-1861. This historic document is ... George W. Riggs – partner of Corcoran & Riggs, the predecessors of Riggs National Bank) The bank was nationalized as the Farmers & Mechanics National Bank of Georgetown fifty-eight years later, in 1872. The bank conducted its business at 31st and M Streets, N.W., until 1922, when ...  
    

Farmers and Merchants Bank of Los Angeles 1872 signed by Isaia...  $250.00
 Farmers and Merchants Bank of Los Angeles 1872 signed by Isaias W. Hellman Pioneer and U.S.C. Founder Engraved certificate from the Farmers and Merchants Bank of Los Angeles issued in 1872. Early certifcates from Los angeles are ... is over 131 years old. Certificate Vignette The Farmers and Merchants Bank was the first incorporated bank in Los Angeles, founded in 1871 by John D. Downey and Isai ...  
    

Security Pacific National Bank Corporation - Famous California...  $19.95
 Security Pacific National Bank Corporation - Famous California Bank 1989 Beautifully engraved certificate from the Security Pacific ...  
    

Farmers and Merchants Bank of Los Angeles 1874 signed by Civil...  $295.00
 Farmers and Merchants Bank of Los Angeles 1874 signed by Civil War California Governor John G ... after him Engraved SCARCE certificate from the Farmers and Merchants Bank of Los Angeles issued in 1874. Early certifcates from Los Angeles are ... is over 130 years old. Certificate Vignette The Farmers and Merchants Bank was the first incorporated bank in Los Angeles, founded ...

 


Continental Illinois Corporation - Largest U.S. Bank Failure i...  $139.95
 Continental Illinois Corporation - Largest U.S. Bank Failure in History Beautifully engraved certificate from the ... banking crises of the 1980s was the crisis involving Continental Illinois National Bank and Trust Company (CINB) in May 1984, which was and still is the largest bank resolution in U.S. history. Although it took place before the banking ...  
    

American Banknote Company  $14.95
 Beautiful engraved Stock Certificate the famous American Banknote Company. This certificate was issued in 1930s to 1950s for shares of Capital Stock. Across the globe in ...  
    

Chase Manhattan Corporation ( Now JP Morgan Chase )  $99.95
 Beautifully engraved uncancelled certificate from the Chase Manhattan ... of the Board ( W. B. Harrison, Jr.). Certificate Vignette 1877 Chase National Bank founded. 1921 Chase National Bank merges with Metropolitan National Bank (founded in 1905, itself the product of several mergers). 1926 Consolidates with Mechanics and Metals National Bank (founded in 1810 as the Mechanics Bank and the product of several mergers). 1927 ...  
    

Concord Computing ( Now Concord EFS and First Data Corp ) - Ma...  $34.95
 Concord Computing ( Now Concord EFS and First Data Corp ) - Massachusettes Beautifully engraved certificate unissued from the Concord Computing Corporation. This historic ...  
    

Getchell Mine ( Famous Nevada Mine ). signed by George Wingfie...  $79.95
 Getchell Mine ( Famous Nevada Mine ). signed by George Wingfield - Humboldt County, Nevada Beautifully engraved certificate from the Getchell Mine, Inc. issued in the 1940's ...  
    

Getchell Mine, Inc. issued to and signed by George Wingfield a...  $69.95
 Getchell Mine, Inc. issued to and signed by George Wingfield and George Hewitt Myers 1946 Beautifully engraved certificate from the Getchell Mine, Inc. issued in 1946. This ...  
    

Goldfield Consolidated Mines Company signed by George Wingfield  $59.95
 Beautifully engraved certificate from the Goldfield Consolidated Mines ... George became a multi-millionaire by age 30 and for a time owned every bank in the state. One of George's favorite pastime ...  
    

Universal Exposition - Lousiana Purchase Exposition St. Louis ...  $195.00
 Universal Exposition - Lousiana Purchase Exposition St. Louis 1904 Beautifully engraved unissued Certificate of Attendance from the Universal Exposition - Lousiana Purchase ...  
    

Nicolet Bankshares, Inc. - Wisconsin  $49.95
 Beautifully engraved SPECIMEN certificate from Nicolet Bankshares, Inc ... Officer and its Secretary. Below is Company Press Information: Nicolet National Bank opened in November of 2000 as Green Bay's newest community bank. Nicolet National is dedicated to fostering the continued growth of Green Bay and ... communities through a diverse array of products and services. Nicolet National's staff of experienced commercial and retail ...  
    

"How the West Was Won" Discount Certificate Package  $79.95
 In celebrating the famous Cinerama Movie "How the West was Won" we are ... 29.95), Houston Tap Railroad Company ($39.95), Santa Cruz County National Bank ($14.95), Tonapah Mining Company of Nevada ($19.95), and the Packard ...  
    
 

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